Is Age Just A Number For Elite Swimmers?
Ah, yes. Life after swimming. For most, this time is both thrilling and fearful as it contains the deep depths of the unknown.
But nowadays, many swimmers are finding ways to forge ahead in the sport and turn it into a temporarily viable career -- giving them more shots at fulfilling lifelong dreams.
Since the turn of the millennium, the sport of swimming has progressed leaps and bounds in just about every category imaginable. Advancements in technology, training, equipment, etc., have paired with more financial opportunities through sponsorship and media exposure to keep swimmers in the sport for longer and give them a legitimate shot at making it a career.
Prior to major exposure from the likes of Michael Phelps, most swimmers ended their careers immediately after their college-aged days. There simply were not enough opportunities to earn a living and fully support training and competition expenses.
Paving the way
While there are always statistical anomalies (as you will see below), the most striking story that the data does not tell is the level of sustained success in the sport many swimmers are achieving.
Take Katinka Hosszu, 28, and Matt Grevers, 32, for example. Both of these swimmers medaled in multiple events at the 2017 FINA World Championships in Budapest, Hungary, a couple of weeks ago. Both have been competing at a high level for the last decade. Hosszu won her first major international medal eight years ago with a bronze in the 200m butterfly at the 2009 FINA World Championships in Rome. Grevers won his first international medal nine years ago with silver in the 100m backstroke at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing.
How are they both still competing at a high level? Because opportunities in the sport have advanced. Hosszu is sponsored by Arena -- even creating her own label of "Iron Lady" branded gear with the swimsuit company -- and has made a fortune competing on the FINA World Cup circuit, where prize money has increased since its inception. Grevers is sponsored by TYR Sport, Mutual of Omaha, and AT&T, which, like Hosszu, helps provide him the means to train, travel, and compete -- lengthening his career in the sport.
Brazil's Bruno Fratus is 28 years old. By most standards that is very young, but for whatever reason the swimming community wants you to think that is old. Fratus just recently swam a 21.27 in the 50m freestyle at the 2017 FINA World Championships in Budapest -- good for the silver medal and third-fastest textile performance of all time.
"I honestly consider myself to be a kid," Fratus told FloSwimming. The Brazilian star went on to say, "People quit because they get tired of it, not because they're old."
There is no doubt that training and competing at an elite level takes a toll -- both physically and mentally. So how do these athletes keep it fresh?
"Athletes are training smarter and swimming faster," Fratus said. "Not everyone can tolerate the training routines and regimens (at that level) for 10 years or so. The difference is that now athletes and coaches are learning how to lengthen careers."
Think of these names: Michael Phelps (U.S.), Ryan Lochte (U.S.), Laszlo Cseh (Hungary), Marlene Veldhuis (Netherlands), Brendan Hansen (U.S.), David Plummer (U.S.), Junior Joao Gomes (Brazil), Aliaksandra Herasimenia (Belarus), Paweł Korzeniowski (Poland), Geoff Huegill (Australia), Dara Torres (U.S.), Anthony Ervin (U.S.), Nicholas Santos (Brazil), Junya Koga (Japan), Matt Grevers (U.S.), Camille Lacourt (France), George Bovell (Trinidad and Tobago), Fred Bousquet (France), and Therese Alshammar (Sweden) have all earned a medal in an individual event at the Olympics or summer World Championships since 2008 -- all over 30 years old at the time.
Comparing 2001 World Championships to 2017 World Championships
This whole topic spurred an inquisition to find out if there was any concrete data to back the claim that elite-level swimmers are extending careers. So, the tables below compare the average age of individual medalists from the 2001 FINA World Championships in Fukuoka, Japan, and the most recent 2017 FINA World Championships in Budapest. As it turns out -- on average -- there is a difference.
In 2001, the average age of a gold medalist (men and women) was 20.6 years. In 2017, the average age of a gold medalist (men and women) was 23.0 years. While that may not seem like a large difference, it is certainly significant. Looking at the data below, you will see there is a statistical trend validating longer careers in the sport for many of the world's best.
2001 FINA World Championships
|Women (2001)||Gold (Years)||Silver (Years)||Bronze (Years)|
|Men (2001)||Gold (Years)||Silver (Years)||Bronze (Years)|
2017 FINA World Championships
|Women (2017)||Gold (Years)||Silver (Years)||Bronze (Years)|
|Men (2017)||Gold (Years)||Silver (Years)||Bronze (Years)|
At the end of the day, Fratus said it best, "As long as you are happy and healthy... why not?" Sure, there comes a point in time when the body can no longer meet the demands being placed on it. An athlete is unlikely to perform at his or her peak at age 52 compared to age 22.
But, who is to judge and put qualifiers on what is deemed "old" and "not old" in sport? Likely someone sitting in the stands.
For all of those athletes who continue to press forward in search of a fulfilling career: keep going. The sport needs you in order to grow and advance.
As Nemo in "Finding Nemo" famously says, "Just keep swimming."